City Guide Turin/ Torino
Torino (Turin in English) is a dynamic, exciting city where royal palaces, bustling piazzas and world-class museums meet. Given a thorough makeover when it hosted the 2006 winter Olympic Games, this progressive city in the northwestern corner of Italy has never been better. As the capital of Piedmont (gourmet region in northwest Italy) and a former capital of Italy, Torino serves both as a cultural reference for northern Italy and as one of its major economic engines. Home to the factories of Fiat (the famed Italian car manufacturer) and the birthplace of some of Italy's largest companies, it's also an important industrial center.
Cars, however, will be the last thing on your mind as you stroll the lively city center, or sip coffee in the sprawling Piazza San Carlo. There is no end to the distractions and attractions lining Torino's busy streets. Stroll past opulent palaces, beautiful historic churches, picture-perfect squares and welcoming Italian cafés. Don't miss a visit to the cathedral, where the world-famous 'Shroud of Turin' is held, or to the Egyptian museum, which ranks as one of the world's best.
Turin's storied history stretches back to pre-Roman times. It was settled by the Taurini before becoming a walled Roman military camp in 28 BC. The city's basic street structure can trace its roots back to that settlement. When the Roman Empire fell, the city was ruled alternately by the Lombards, the Franks and the Arudinic dynasty before falling into the hands of the counts of Savoy, who held the city until Italy was unified in 1861 and Turin became its first capital. Previously, it had been the capital of a large kingdom encompassing Sardinia and the Duchy of Savoy.
Although industrial sprawl mars the city's appearance from afar, it nevertheless enjoys a privileged setting. Surrounded by mountains - the Alps to the west and north, and the peaks of Mongerrato to the south - and criss-crossed by rivers like the Po, the Dora Riparia, the Stura di Lanzo and the Sangone, this is a verdant, rich area. The continental climate, with its cold winters and pleasantly breezy summers, sets it apart from the rest of Italy, where a warmer Mediterranean climate holds sway.
Torino is an excellent starting point for your food and wine tour of Piedmont, and has superb restaurants, glamorous hotels, historic cafes, excellent shopping and a multitude of activities for culture vultures to enjoy.
Gastronomy and Wine
Turin sits in the heart of Piedmont, Italy's wine mecca and the birthplace of some truly sumptuous dishes. Local wines run the gamut from dry, red wines, to fresh fruity whites, sparkling Astis and even sweet wines. Mythical wines include Barolo and Barbaresco. Other wines made in this fascinating region include "Super Piemonte" blends, Gavi, Arneis, Asti Spumante Moscato d'Asti, Dolcetto, Gattinara, Ghemme, Brachetto, and the extremely popular Barbera. Wines are abundant and fabulous, and Turin's picturesque cafés and gourmet restaurants are the ideal places to sample them.
There are a huge variety of local specialties, and sampling them all could take the better part of a lifetime. For starters, try nature's simple delights, like hazelnuts, chestnuts or truffles. Excellent local cheeses include Bra (a sharp cow-and-goat-milk cheese) and Toma (cow-milk cheese that can appear in a variety of forms). Traditional local dishes include Bagna Cauda (a delicious warm dip made of Olive Oil, garlic, and anchovies, garnished with veggies), Fonduta, Game “in Civet” (slow cooked in red wine), and Fritto Misto alla Piemontese. Meat eaters will salivate over agnolotti del plin (a meat-stuffed pasta served with a thin broth) and bollito misto (mixed boiled meats served with sauces called “bagnetto”. The most typical bagnetto sauce is called the verde (green sauce comprised of parsley, eggs, garlic, and anchovies). Other sauces include the bagnetto rosso (red sauce- tomato and chili pepper) and the bagnetto giallo (yellow sauce- with mustard). Bollito Misto is also served with the cognà, must (crushed grapes) with pears, figs, apples, hazelnuts. Carne cruda is a specialty, and is raw, thin-sliced Fassona beef topped with oil and truffles. Vegetarians will enjoy the home-style taste of hearty risottos, like risotto al Barolo, made with local vegetables and topped with parmigiano.
Turin has a superb chocolate tradition and Turinese chocolatiers have been held in high prestigious since the 16th century, and indeed was more important historically as a center of artisan chocolate making than even Switzerland. There are many famous chocolate companies from here like Ferrero, Streglio and Caffarel. The symbol of Turin is the gianduiotto(called “Giandojòt in local dialect) is a chocolate shaped like a boat. There is an enormous 2 week chocolate festival in Turin held in March, CioccolaTO’. Other traditional sweeties include Savoiardi (also called lady fingers, and eaten on their own or used in Tiramisu) and Zabajone (a sweet cream made of egg yolk and marsala, often served with meliga cookies). While in Turin, especially in autumn or winter, you must try a “Bicerin” (in the café of the same name), a hot coffee with chocolate and cream.
And finally, another fantastic Turin tradition is the “aperitif”. Back in the late 1700´s, a local Turinese named Antonio Benedetto Carpano invented what would become the quintessential aperitif- Vermouth. He blended white wine with an infusion comprised of more than 30 different herbs, botanicals and spices. His drink was met with huge success and large companies like Martini & Rossi and Cinzano began to export vermouth all over the world. These days, “Martini” is enjoyed on its own or as an ingredient in various cocktails like the Negroni, the Manhattan and of course the Vodka Martini (enjoyed “shaken, not stirred” by James Bond). The aperitivo (be it cocktail or glass of wine) is usually served with nibbles (Italian cheeses, prosciutto, olives, etc).
Piazza Castello: The city's main public square, the porticoed Piazza Castello is lined with palaces, like the imposing Palazzo Madama, now home to the Museo Civico d'Arte Antica (Civic Museum of Ancient Art) and the grand Palazzo Reale.
Palazzo Reale: Torino was the home of the royal Savoy family, and this opulent Royal Palace is proof of the family's power and grandeur. Built in the mid-1600s, the palace boasts a beautiful garden designed by Louis le Nôtre, better known for his work at Versailles.
Piazza San Carlo: "Torino's drawing room", this quintessentially Italian plaza is beloved for its historic cafés and for the pleasing atmosphere created by its his-and-hers baroque churches, the twin San Carlo and Santa Cristina.
Cattedrale di San Giovanni Battista: World famous as the holder of the sindone (Christ's Shroud), the Torino Cathedral is a must for any visitor. Some people believe that the shroud was used to wrap Jesus Christ after the crucifixion. Science, however, places the cloth's age at 700 years. Whether or not you believe in the shroud's authenticity, stop in at the fascinating Museo della Sindone (Museum of the Shroud) to learn more. The original is kept in a vacuum-sealed box; what you see on display is a reproduction.
Museo Egizio: This wonderful Egyptian museum is considered to hold one of the world's most important collections of Egyptian artifacts and ancient art, following only collections in Egypt and London. It's the city's best-known museum.
Mole Antonelliana: You can't miss this large, imposing building, which towers 167 meters above Torino and is the city's most distinguishing feature. Inside you'll find the excellent Museo Nazionale del Cinema, the national cinema museum, which offers a lighthearted look at Italian film memorabilia.