French A-Z Food Dictionary

French A-Z Food Dictionary

This handy printable French- English food glossary has many ingredients you are likely to see on the menu while vacationing in France or even on a French menu closer to home. Let us know if we should add any foods to the list!


A-D

Abati s- Giblets

Abdelavis - Jerusalem melon

Abricot - Apricot

Acajou - Cashew

Agneau - Lamb

Agneau de lait - Baby milk-fed lamb

Aiglefin - Haddock

Aiguillat - Dog fish

Ail - Garlic

Ailloli - Garlicky mayonnaise

Algue - seaweed (often edible)

Amande - Almond

Ananas - Pineapple

Anchois - Anchovies

Aneth - Dill

Anguille - Eel (anguille de mer is a conger eel), common dish in Bordeaux

Arachide - Peanut

Araignée de Mer - Spider crab

Artichaut - Artichoke

Asperge - Asparagus

Aubergine - Aubergine, eggplant

Autruche - Ostrich

Avocat - Avocado

Baguette - Culinary symbol of France, a long bread loaf

Baba - Sponge cake (often soaked in rum)

Babeurre - Buttermilk

Banane - Banana

Barbue - Brill

Basilic - Basil

Baudroie - Monkfish

Beurre - Butter

Bœuf - Beef

Bolet – Boletus mushrooms

Boudin noir - Black pudding

Bouillabaisse - Fish and seafood soup

Brugnon - Nectarine

Caille - Quail

Cacahouète - Peanut

Café - Coffee

Calamar - Squid

Canard - Duck

Canard sauvage - Wild duck

Cannelle - Cinnamon

Câpre - Caper

Cassis - Blackcurrants

Cerf - Venison

Cerise - Cherry

Champignon - Mushroom

Chèvre - Goat’s cheese (and goat)

Chevrette - Baby goat (female); prawns

Choux- Cabbage

Choucroute - Sauerkraut, traditional dish in Alsace

Chou-fleur - Cauliflower

Ciboule - Spring onion; Welsh onion

Citron - Lemon

Citron vert - Lime

Citronelle - Lemon grass

Citrouille - Pumpkin

Cochon de lait - Sucking pig

Coing - Quince

Concombre - Cucumber

Confiture - Jam

Coquillage - Shellfish

Coquille St Jacques - Scallop

Coriandre – Coriander, cilantro

Courgette - Zucchini

Couronne - Ring shaped loaf of bread

Croque Monsieur - Glam name for a ham and cheese toastie

Cuisse de grenouille - Frog’s legs

Datte - Date

Daurade - Sea bream


E-M

Eau - Water

Écrivisse - crayfish

Épaule d’agneau - Shoulder of lamb

Épice - Spice

Escargots - Snails (edible)

Espadon - Swordfish

Estragon - Tarragon

Faisan - Pheasant

Farine - Flour

Favouille - Crab

Fenouil - Fennel

Fève - Broad bean

Foie gras - Goose liver

Foie de canard - Duck foie gras

Fougasse - Pretzel made with bread dough and often flavored with bacon bits

Fraises - Strawberries

Framboise - Raspberry

Frisée - Curly lettuce or endives (chicory)

Fromage - Cheese

Galette – Flat circular savory or sweet pie which is usually stuffed

Gateau - Cake

Gaufres - Waffles

Genévrier - Juniper

Gingembre - Ginger

Gousse d’ail - Garlic clove

Grenade - Pomegranate

Groseille - Gooseberry

Hareng - Herring

Haricot blanc - White bean

Haricot rouge - Kidney bean

Haricot vert - French green bean

Hénon - Cockle

Homard - Lobster

Homard épineux - Crayfish

Huile d’ olive - Olive oil

Huître - Oyster

Jacques - Apple pancakes

Jambon - ham

Jambon de Bayonne - Cured ham from the Basque town of Bayonne, similar to prosciutto

Jaune d’ oeuf - Egg yolk

Jean-Doré - John Dory

Jus - Juice

Kaki - Persimmon

Llait - Milk

Laitue - Lettuce

Lamproie - Lamprey

Langouste - Spiny lobster

Lapin - Rabbit

Laurier - Laurel, bay leaves

Légumes - Vegetables

Lentilles - Lentils

Lentilles de Puy – Famous green lentils from Puy

Lièvre - Hare

Litchi - Lychee

Lotte - Monkfish

Loubine - Sea Bass

Macaron - Macaroon, Bordeaux cookie

Mâche – Lamb’s Lettuce

Mangue - Mango

Maïs - Corn

Mandarine - Mandarin

Mange-tout – Snow peas

Maquereau - Mackerel

Marcassin - baby wild boar

Marjolaine - Marjoram

Marrons - Chestnuts

Menthe – Mint

Merguez - Lamb sausages with Moroccan spices

Merlan - Whiting

Merlu - Hake

Mérou - Grouper

Miel - Honey

Moutarde - Mustard

Myrtille - Blueberries


N-Z

Navet - Turnip

Noisette - Hazelnut

Noix - Walnut

Oeufs - Eggs

Oie - Goose

Oignon - Onion

Oiseille – Sorrel

Orge - Barley

Origan - Oregano

Pain - Bread

Pain de Campagne figues et noix - Country loaf with figs and walnuts

Pain d’épice - Gingerbread

Palourde - Clam

Pamplemousse - Grapefruit

Pâtes - Pasta

Pêche - Peach

Perche - Perch

Perdrix - Partridge

Persil - Parsley

Persillade - Parsley sauce

Pieuvre - Octopus

Piment – Pepper (vegetable)

Pintade - guinea-hen

Pommes de Terre - Potatoes

Pommes Rouges - Red apples

Poire - Pear

Poireau - Leek

Poisson - Fish

Poivre – Pepper (spice)

Potage - Hearty soup

Prune - Plum

Pruneau - Prune

Radis - Radish

Raie - Ray

Raisin - Grape

Râs al hânout – North African spice mix often seen in France

Rascasse - Scorpion fish

Ratatouille – Sautéed and stewed vegetable dish

Riz - Rice

Romarin - Rosemary

Rouget - Red mullet

Sanglier - Wild boar

Sarrasin - Buckwheat

Saucisse/ saucisson - Sausage

Sauge - Sage

Saumon - Salmon

Seigle - Rye

Sel - Salt

Sucre - Sugar

Thym - Thyme

Tomate - Tomato

Truffe - Truffle

Truite - Trout

Vanille - Vanilla

Veau - Veal

Viande - Meat

Vinaigre - Vinegar

Yaourt - Yogurt


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