Here is a handy food glossary (translations from Spanish to English) that can be printed out and used on your vacation in Spain. We have included most of the ingredients you will see on menus, including seafood and fish, meat, fruit and vegetables, dairy, nuts, and more. Wine lovers, check out our Spanish wine glossary here. If there is any ingredient we should add to this list, get in touch. ¡Buen provecho!

Spanish A-Z Food Dictionary

 

With Cellar Tours, you can experience the best food and wine Spain has to offer on a Spanish Food & Wine Odyssey.

A

  • Abulon – abalone
  • Adobo – marinaded in vinegar and spice (often cumin)
  • Almeja – clam
  • Aceituna – olive
  • Agridulce – sweet and sour
  • Ajo – garlic
  • Albahaca – basil
  • Alcachofa – artichoke
  • Alcaparras – capers
  • Albóndigas – meatballs
  • Alcachofa – artichoke
  • Allioli – A popular sauce in Catalonia made from garlic oil (garlic mayonnaise).
  • Almendras – almonds
  • Anchoas – anchovies
  • Ahumado – smoked.
  • Arenque – herring
  • Arroz – rice.
  • Almejas – clams
  • Angulas – baby eels
  • Atún – tuna.
  • Azafrán – Saffron

B

  • Bacalao – codfish or salted codfish
  • Batidos – milkshakes
  • Barquillos – biscuit rolls
  • Berberechos – Cockles
  • Berenjena – aubergine. As a tapa, it usually comes stuffed with béchamel and ham
  • Berza – cabbage
  • Besugo -sea bream
  • Bistec de ternera – veal steak
  • Bocadillo – A Sandwich
  • Bogavante – Lobster
  • Bonito – Tuna
  • Boquerones – Fresh Anchovies
  • a la Brasa – cooked over embers
  • buñuelos – lightly fried pastries
  • Butifarra -a type of sausage particularly popular in Catalonia and the Balearics

C

  • Caballa – Mackerel
  • Cabrales – blue veined cows milk cheese from Asturias
  • Cabrito Asado – roast kid
  • Cacahuetes- peanuts
  • Café Americano – large white coffee
  • Café con leche – white coffee
  • Café cortado – white coffee in a small cup
  • Café sólo – black coffee
  • Calabacines – courgettes
  • Calabaza – Pumpkin
  • Calamares – squid
  • Caldo – soup
  • Callos – tripe
  • Camarónes – Shrimp
  • Canela – cinnamon
  • Cangrejo – crab
  • Caracoles – snails
  • Caramelos – sweets
  • Carne – meat
  • Castaña – chestnut
  • Cazón – dogfish
  • Cebollas – onions
  • Cena – Evening Meal / Dinner
  • Centollo – spider crab
  • Cerezas – cherries
  • Cerveza – beer
  • Cerdo – Pork
  • Champiñónes – mushrooms
  • Chorizo – Spicy sausage
  • Cherne – wreckfish or stone bass
  • Chuletas – Chops
  • Churros – deep-fried pastry
  • Cigala – crayfish
  • Cigarra – flat lobster
  • Ciruelas – plums
  • Cochinillo – roast suckling pig
  • Cocido – chickpeas based stew with meat
  • Codorniz – Quail
  • Col – cabbage
  • Coles de Bruselas – Brussels sprouts
  • Coliflor – cauliflower
  • Conejo – rabbit
  • Costillas – ribs
  • Cordero – lamb
  • Crema Catalana – crème brulée
  • Criadillas – Testicles, Beef Or Lamb
  • Croqueta -A Deep Fried Bechamel
  • Crudo – raw
  • Crujiente, Crocante – crispy
  • Cuchara – Spoon
  • Cuchillo- Knife

D

  • Datiles – dates
  • Desayuno – Breakfast
  • Dorada – A type of white fish popular in the Levante (literally, “Golden”), Mahi Mahi
  • Dulce – sweet

E

  • Empanada – pastry with meat or fish
  • En Escabeche – In a tomato, aubergine, courgette based salsa; pickled
  • Endivias – endives
  • Ensalada – salad
  • entrecot – entrêcot steak
  • Escalfado – poached
  • Escalope – Breaded Meat
  • Espinaca – spinach
  • Espárragos – asparagus
  • Estofado – a stew
  • Estragón – tarragon

F

  • Fabada – bean based stew
  • Faisán – pheasant
  • Fideos – small noodles
  • Filete – filets of meat
  • Flan – caramel custard
  • Fresas – strawberries
  • Frito – Fried
  • Fruta – fruit

G

  • Galera – mantis shrimp
  • Gallina – hen
  • Gambas – shrimp
  • Garbanzos -chickpeas
  • Gazpacho – in Andalusia, this is a cold vegetable soup
  • Granada – Pomegranate
  • Guisado – Casserole
  • Guisantes – Green peas

H

  • Habas – Broad beans
  • Helado – Ice cream
  • Higado -liver
  • Higos – Figs
  • Hinojo – fennel
  • Huevos – eggs

I-L

  • Idiazábal – smoked ewe’s milk cheese from the Basque Country
  • Jamón – ham
  • Jabugo – a small town in Andalucia famous for excellent Jamón Jabugo
  • Judías – dry beans
  • Jugo – juice
  • Langosta – lobster
  • Langostinas – King Prawns
  • Leche – milk
  • Lechón/Tostón / Cochinillo – suckling pig
  • Lengua- tongue
  • Lenguado – sole fish/ flounder
  • Liebre – hare
  • Limón – lemon
  • Lubina – Sea Bass

M

  • Mahón – soft cow’s milk cheese from the Balearic islands
  • Mandarinas – tangerines
  • Manos de cerdo – Pigs trotters
  • Mantecadas – small sponge cakes
  • Mantequilla – butter
  • Manzana – apple
  • Manzanilla – dry sherry
  • Mariscada – seafood platter
  • Mariscos – seafood
  • Mejillones – mussels
  • Melocotón – peach
  • melón – melon
  • Membrillo – quince, a quince “jam,” usually served with cheese
  • Menestra – vegetable and meat casserole
  • Menu Del Dia – Menu of the day (fixed price)
  • Merluza – hake fish
  • Mero a la Parrilla – Grilled grouper
  • Mesa – Table
  • Miel – honey
  • Morcilla – blood pudding made with Paprika and rice, most famous comes from Burgos

N

  • Nabos – turnips
  • Nata – cream
  • Natillas – cream custard
  • Naranja – orange
  • Navajas – razor clams
  • Necora – swimming crab
  • Nísperos – loquat
  • Ñora – dried small red peppers “dulce” sweet or “picante” hot
  • Nueces – walnuts

O

  • Oca – goose
  • Orujo – grape base spirit
  • oreja (de cerdo) – pigs’ ears
  • Ostras – oysters

P

  • Paella – famous rice dish seasoned with saffron and usually made with seafood, meat, and vegetables
  • Paloma – Pigeon Or Dove
  • Pan – bread
  • Pancetta – Streaky Bacon
  • Parrilla – barbeque
  • Parrillada – barbeque
  • Pasteles – cakes
  • Patatas – potatoes
  • Patatas Bravas – potatoes in a spicy sauce
  • Patatas puré – mashed potatoes
  • Pato – duck
  • Pavo – turkey
  • Pepinillos – gherkins
  • Pepino – cucumber
  • Pescado – fish
  • Pera – pear
  • Percebes – goose barnacles
  • Perdiz – partridge
  • Perejil – parsley
  • Pescadilla – whiting
  • Pescaditos fritos – fried fish
  • Pescado – fish
  • Pez de San Pedro – John Dory
  • Pez Espada – swordfish
  • Pimienta – black pepper
  • Pimientas Rellenas – stuffed peppers
  • Pimientos – peppers (rojos- red, verdes- green, amarillos- yellow)
  • Pinchos morunos – kebabs
  • Piña – pineapple
  • piñones – pine nuts
  • Piperada – sweet pepper omelet.
  • Pisto Manchego – ratatouille type stew
  • Plátano – bananas
  • Platos Combinados – mixed plate (e.g., chips, eggs, chorizo/sausage)
  • Pollo – chicken
  • Pomelo – grapefruit
  • Potaje – thick soup
  • Puerros – leeks
  • Pulpo – octopus

Q

  • Queso – cheese
  • Queso de oveja – Sheep’s cheese
  • Quisquillas – shrimps

R

  • Rábanos – radish
  • Rape – monkfish, anglerfish, or frogfish
  • Raya – skate
  • Remolacha – Beetroot
  • Revuelto – scrambled eggs, usually prepared with ham, mushrooms, or peppers
  • Riñones – kidneys
  • Rodaballo – turbot
  • A la Romana – battered (Calamares, Merluza, etc)
  • Romero – rosemary
  • Romesco/ Xato, Salbitxada – a red sauce for seafood from the Catalonian & Basque regions
  • Roscas – doughnut
  • Roncal – smokey flavored ewe’s milk cheese from Navarra

S

  • Sabor – taste, “It tastes like…” = “Sabe a .”
  • Sal – Salt
  • Salchica – thin pork sausage
  • Salmonete – red mullet
  • Salmón – salmon
  • Salmon Ahumado – smoked salmon
  • Salsa – sauce
  • Sandía – watermelon
  • Sardinas – sardines
  • Semidulce – medium sweet
  • Sepia – cuttlefish
  • Sesos – brains
  • Setas – wild mushrooms
  • Sidra – cider
  • Sofrito – a sauce made of olive oil, onion, and paprika
  • Solomillo – filet mignon/ tenderloin steak
  • Sopa – soup

T

  • Tallarines – noodles
  • Tarta – cake.
  • Tenedor – Fork
  • Ternera – veal
  • Ternera Picada – minced beef.
  • Tetilla – Pear-shaped cow’s milk cheese from Galicia. Named for its resemblance to a woman’s breast.
  • Tiburon – shark
  • Tila – linden tea
  • Tomate – tomato
  • Tomillo – thyme
  • Tostado – toasted
  • Tortilla – Spanish omelet, traditionally made with potato and onion and served as a tapa or light meal
  • Trucha – trout fish
  • Turrón – nougat

U-Z

  • Uvas – grapes
  • Vaso – Glass
  • Venado/ Ciervo – venison
  • Verduras – Vegetables
  • Vieiras / Zamburiña- scallops
  • Vino – wine
  • Zanahorias – carrots
  • Zarzuela – casserole
  • Zumo – juice

Basque Specialties

  • “al Pil-pil” – green sauce, served on fish, with a garlic and parsley base
  • “a la Bizkaina” – red sauce, used on fish, with an onion and tomato base
  • Besugo – red bream
  • Bonito – similar to tuna
  • Centollo or Txangurro – spider crab
  • Ensalada de Angulas – baby eel salad
  • Kiskillas – prawns
  • Kokotxa – Basque specialty of Hake cheeks
  • Lubina a la pimienta Verde – sea bass with green pepper
  • Marmitako – a typical soupy dish made of bonito fish, potatoes, onions, peppers, and tomato.
  • Mero – grouper
  • Ne’coras – small, boxlike crabs
  • Perretxiku – springtime mushrooms
  • Porrusalda – soup made from leeks, mushrooms, and potatoes
  • Txirlas – baby white clams
  • Txipirones en su tinta – squid prepared in its own ink

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One thought on “Spanish A-Z Food Dictionary / Translations

  1. Josie Benner says:

    I love this website!! I am doing a project of Spanish foods in Spanish class and this website helped me so much. Thanks

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Cellar Tours is a Luxury Travel Specialist, operating since 2003 and offering exclusive Mercedes chauffeured Gourmet Vacations in Chile, France, Italy, Ireland, Portugal, South Africa, and Spain. We specialize in luxurious custom designed vacations, events and incentives related to food and wine. We are proud members of Slow Food, UNAV (Travel Agency Association in Spain), and the IACP (International Association of Culinary Professionals).

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