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Here is a handy food glossary (translations from Spanish to English) which can be printed out and used on your vacation in Spain. We have included most of the ingredients you will see on menus including seafood and fish, meat, fruit and vegetables, dairy, nuts and more. Wine lovers, check out our Spanish wine glossary here. If there is any ingredient we should add to this list, get in touch. ¡Buen provecho!

With Cellar Tours you can experience the best food and wine Spain has to offer on a Spanish Food & Wine Odyssey

Colorful market stall, Spain

Colorful market stall, Spain

A

Abulon – abalone
Adobo – marinaded in vinegar and spice (often cumin)
Almeja – clam
Aceituna – olive
Agridulce – sweet and sour
Ajo – garlic
Albahaca – basil
Alcachofa – artichoke
Alcaparras – capers
Albóndigas – meatballs
Alcachofa – artichoke
Allioli – A popular sauce in Catalonia made from garlic oil (garlic mayonnaise).
Almendras – almonds
Anchoas – anchovies
Ahumado – smoked.
Arenque – herring
Arroz – rice.
Almejas – clams
Angulas – baby eels
Atún – tuna.
Azafrán – Saffron

B

Bacalao – codfish or salted codfish
Batidos – milk shakes
Barquillos – biscuit rolls
Berberechos – Cockles
Berenjena – aubergine. As a tapa, it usually comes stuffed with béchamel and ham
Berza – cabbage
Besugo -sea bream
Bistec de ternera – veal steak
Bocadillo – A Sandwich
Bogavante – Lobster
Bonito – Tuna
Boquerones – Fresh Anchovies
a la Brasa – cooked over embers
buñuelos – light fried pastries
Butifarra -a type of sausage particularly popular in Catalonia and the Balearics

C

Caballa – Mackerel
Cabrales – blue veined cows milk cheese from Asturias
Cabrito Asado – roast kid
Cacahuetes– peanuts
Café Americano – large white coffee
Café con leche – white coffee
Café cortado – white coffee in a small cup
Café sólo – black coffee
Calabacines – courgettes
Calabaza – Pumpkin
Calamares – squid
Caldo – soup
Callos – tripe
Camarónes – Shrimp
Canela – cinnamon
Cangrejo – crab
Caracoles – snails
Caramelos – sweets
Carne – meat
Castaña – chestnut
Cazón – dogfish
Cebollas – onions
Cena – Evening Meal / Dinner
Centollo – spider crab
Cerezas – cherries
Cerveza – beer
Cerdo – Pork
Champiñónes – mushrooms
Chorizo – Spicy sausage
Cherne – wreckfish or stone bass
Chuletas – Chops
Churros – deep-fried pastry
Cigala – crayfish
Cigarra – flat lobster
Ciruelas – plums
Cochinillo – roast suckling pig
Cocido – chickpeas based stew with meat
Codorniz – Quail
Col – cabbage
Coles de Bruselas – Brussels sprouts
Coliflor – cauliflower
Conejo – rabbit
Costillas – ribs
Cordero – lamb
Crema Catalana – crème brulée
Criadillas – Testicles, Beef Or Lamb
Croqueta -A Deep Fried Bechamel
Crudo – raw
Crujiente, Crocante – crispy
Cuchara – Spoon
Cuchillo– Knife

D

Datiles – dates
Desayuno – Breakfast
Dorada – A type of white fish popular in the Levante (literally, “Golden”), Mahi Mahi
Dulce – sweet

E

Empanada – pastry with meat or fish
En Escabeche – In a tomato, aubergine, courgette based salsa; pickled
Endivias – endives
Ensalada – salad
entrecot – entrêcot steak
Escalfado – poached
Escalope – Breaded Meat
Espinaca – spinach
Espárragos – asparagus
Estofado – a stew
Estragón – tarragon

F

Fabada – bean-based stew
Faisán – pheasant
Fideos – small noodles
Filete – filets of meat
Flan – caramel custard
Fresas – strawberries
Frito – Fried
Fruta – fruit

G

Galera – mantis shrimp
Gallina – hen
Gambas – shrimp
Garbanzos -chickpeas
Gazpacho – in Andalusia this is a cold vegetable soup
Granada – Pomegranate
Guisado – Casserole
Guisantes – Green peas

H

Habas – Broad beans
Helado – Ice cream
Higado -liver
Higos – Figs
Hinojo – fennel
Huevos – eggs

I-L

Idiazábal – smoked ewe’s milk cheese from the Basque Country
Jamón – ham
Jabugo – a small town in Andalucia famous for excellent Jamón Jabugo
Judías – dry beans
Jugo – juice
Langosta – lobster
Langostinas – King Prawns
Leche – milk
Lechón/Tostón / Cochinillo – suckling pig
Lengua– tongue
Lenguado – sole fish/ flounder
Liebre – hare
Limón – lemon
Lubina – Sea Bass

M

Mahón – soft cow’s milk cheese from the Balearic islands
Mandarinas – tangerines
Manos de cerdo – Pigs trotters
Mantecadas – small sponge cakes
Mantequilla – butter
Manzana – apple
Manzanilla – dry sherry
Mariscada – seafood platter
Mariscos – seafood
Mejillones – mussels
Melocotón – peach
melón – melon
Membrillo – quince, a quince “jam”, usually served with cheese
Menestra – vegetable and meat casserole
Menu Del Dia – Menu of the day (fixed price)
Merluza – hake fish
Mero a la Parrilla – Grilled grouper
Mesa – Table
Miel – honey
Morcilla – blood pudding made with Paprika and rice, most famous comes from Burgos

N

Nabos – turnips
Nata – cream
Natillas – cream custard
Naranja – orange
Navajas – razor clams
Necora – swimming crab
Nísperos – loquat
Ñora – dried small red peppers “dulce” sweet or “picante” hot
Nueces – walnuts

O

Oca – goose
Orujo – grape base spirit
oreja (de cerdo) – pigs’ ears
Ostras – oysters

P

Paella – famous rice dish seasoned with saffron and usually made with seafood, meat, and vegetables
Paloma – Pigeon Or Dove
Pan – bread
Panceta – Streaky Bacon
Parrilla – barbeque
Parrillada – barbeque
Pasteles – cakes
Patatas – potatoes
Patatas Bravas – potatoes in a spicy sauce
Patatas puré – mashed potatoes
Pato – duck
Pavo – turkey
Pepinillos – gherkins
Pepino – cucumber
Pescado – fish
Pera – pear
Percebes – goose barnacles
Perdiz – partridge
Perejil – parsley
Pescadilla – whiting
Pescaditos fritos – fried fish
Pescado – fish
Pez de San Pedro – John Dory
Pez Espada – swordfish
Pimienta – black pepper
Pimientas Rellenas – stuffed peppers
Pimientos – peppers (rojos- red, verdes- green, amarillos- yellow)
Pinchos morunos – kebabs
Piña – pineapple
piñones – pine nuts
Piperada – sweet pepper omelet.
Pisto Manchego – ratatouille type stew
Plátano – bananas
Platos Combinados – mixed plate (eg, chips, eggs, chirzo/sausage)
Pollo – chicken
Pomelo – grapefruit
Potaje – thick soup
Puerros – leeks
Pulpo – octopus

Q

Queso – cheese
Queso de oveja – Sheeps cheese
Quisquillas – shrimps

R

Rábanos – radish
Rape – monkfish, anglerfish or frogfish
Raya – skate
Remolacha – Beetroot
Revuelto – scrambled eggs, usually prepared with ham, mushrooms or peppers
Riñones – kidneys
Rodaballo – turbot
A la Romana – battered (Calamares, Merluza, etc)
Romero – rosemary
Romesco/ Xato, Salbitxada – a red sauce for seafood from the Catalonian & Basque regions
Roscas – doughnut
Roncal – smokey flavored ewe’s milk cheese from Navarra

S

Sabor – taste, “It tastes like…” = “Sabe a .”
Sal – Salt
Salchica – thin pork sausage
Salmonete – red mullet
Salmón – salmon
Salmon Ahumado – smoked salmon
Salsa – sauce
Sandía – watermelon
Sardinas – sardines
Semidulce – medium sweet
Sepia – cuttlefish
Sesos – brains
Setas – wild mushrooms
Sidra – cider
Sofrito – a sauce made of olive oil, onion, and paprika
Solomillo – filet mignon/ tenderloin steak
Sopa – soup

T

Tallarines – noodles
Tarta – cake.
Tenedor – Fork
Ternera – veal
Ternera Picada – minced beef.
Tetilla – Pear-shaped cow’s milk cheese from Galicia. Named for its resemblance to a woman’s breast.
Tiburon – shark
Tila – linden tea
Tomate – tomato
Tomillo – thyme
Tostado – toasted
Tortilla – Spanish omelet, traditionally made with potato and onion and served as a tapa or light meal
Trucha – trout fish
Turrón – nougat

U-Z

Uvas – grapes
Vaso – Glass
Venado/ Ciervo – venison
Verduras – Vegetables
Vieiras / Zamburiña– scallops
Vino – wine
Zanahorias – carrots
Zarzuela – casserole
Zumo – juice

Basque Specialties

“al Pil-pil” – green sauce, served on fish, with a garlic and parsley base
“a la Bizkaina” – red sauce, used on fish, with an onion and tomato base
Besugo – red bream
Bonito – similar to tuna
Centollo or Txangurro – spider crab
Ensalada de Angulas – baby eel salad
Kiskillas – prawns
Kokotxa – Basque specialty of Hake cheeks
Lubina a la pimienta Verde – sea bass with green pepper
Marmitako – a typical soupy dish made of bonito fish, potatoes, onions, peppers, and tomato.
Mero – grouper
Ne’coras – small, boxlike crabs
Perretxiku – springtime mushrooms
Porrusalda – soup made from leeks, mushrooms, and potatoes
Txirlas – baby white clams
Txipirones en su tinta – squid prepared in its own ink

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One thought on “Spanish A-Z Food Dictionary / Translations

  1. Josie Benner says:

    I love this website!! I am doing a project of Spanish foods in Spanish class and this website helped me so much. Thanks

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Cellar Tours is a Luxury Travel Specialist, operating since 2003 and offering exclusive Mercedes chauffeured Gourmet Vacations in Chile, France, Italy, Ireland, Portugal, South Africa, and Spain. We specialize in luxurious custom designed vacations, events and incentives related to food and wine. We are proud members of Slow Food, UNAV (Travel Agency Association in Spain), and the IACP (International Association of Culinary Professionals).

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