Profile of Vega Sicilia

Vega Sicilia Winery, Ribera del Duero - Spain

Vega Sicilia is Ribera del Duero's legendary estate, and its wine, Unico, is the stuff legends are made of, writes Serena Sutcliffe, Master of Wine, "When I was feeling my way in wine in those far-off days of the Tender Twenties (my age, not the decade of my youth!), Vega Sicilia was a mythical name, like Chteau Chalon, old Ausone and ungrafted vine gems such as Noval Nacional and Bollinger Vieilles Vignes. One lusted after them, longed to taste them - and the odd 'god' would regale one, slightly patronizingly, with tales of their magical qualities.Then someone opened a bottle of Vega Sicilia Unico at the end of a long lunch and it was both oxidized and full of volatile acidity - a winning combination that, simultaneously in my studies, I was being told could not happen. Now, many hundreds of bottles of Unico later, I still see lots of volatility in bottles of 50 years old and more, and these are not my favourite examples of the genre. However, Unico from certain vintages of the 1950's, and from the 1960s onwards, has given me some of the most fascinating drinking experiences of recent years. Of course, the actual taste is complex and multi-dimensional, but I think it is the slightly unpredictable nature of Unico that adds a frisson every time a bottle is opened. Vega Sicilia Unico is never 'classic' - it is Dolce e Gabbana rather than Ferragamo - cutting edge rather than couture. Suddenly one sees that the most venerable of all Spain's great wines is also the most 'way out'.

There have been five owners of Vega Sicilia since its inception to the present day. In 1864, Don Eloy de Lecanda intended to emulate Bordeaux on his estate at the Pago de la Vega Santa Cecilia y Carrascal, but he soon discovered that Ribera del Duero's native grape - Tinto Fino, or Tempranillo - performed to perfection in its own environment. The area's mixture of schistous base soil covered by a chalky subsoil, married to the region's altitude (600-700m above sea level) giving cool nights after hot days and a long ripening season, is all grist to the quality mill. In 1900, the Herrero family took over for half a century, and then Prodes SA, from 1950-64. The Hans Newmann ownership from 1964-1982 marked a fabulous period for Vega Sicilia, and a glittering array of riveting wines. By coincidence, the current owners, the Alvarez family, bought the estate in 1982, the year Ribera del Duero was made a Denominacin de Origen. Bodegas Vega Sicilia now owns about 1,000ha (hectares) of land, of which 250ha are under vine. Vega Sicilia Unico and Valbuena 5 Ao (so named because it is put on sale five years after the harvest) are made from selected grapes of top quality, from vines that are over 10 years old. The average age of Valbuena vines is around 25 years, and 45 years for Unico."


Wines Produced

Wines
Valbuena 5 Reserva 80% Tinto Fino, 10% Merlot, 10% Malbec, 27-29 months in oak
Vega Sicilia Unico Gran Reserva 80% Tempranillo, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 66-68 months in oak


Winery Facts & Figures

D.O.: Ribera del Duero
Founded: 1864
Winemaker: Mercedes Ausas
Average production: 200,000 liters
Oak Barrels: 65% American, 35% French
Age of Vines: 35 year old vines
Grape Varietals: Tinto Fino (Tempranillo), Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec


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